Cours du café


Stock Market


The coffee market is in the hands of industries who fix the prices and who control and regulate exchanges with producer countries in the southern hemisphere.


Since 1880, coffee has been listed on two principal stock markets: London for robustas and New York for arabicas.


Looking at the evolution of prices, one sees that coffee prices are characterised by sudden, spectacular fluctuations, going as far as tripling in the space of just a few days. The freezing weather in Brazil in 1994 and the passage of El Nino in 1997, for example, caused the price to shoot up above 200 cents USD / pound for Arabica.


However, the general trend for several years now has been to keep prices low. This configuration is partly explained by excess production on a worldwide scale.

The system implemented by the Fair Trade system offers an alternative to this dangerous situation, which constantly threatens small growers with the likelihood that one day, they will be forced to sell their coffee for less than the cost of production and hence run up debts.



The table below shows the closing values for the various months in this period and the variations compared to the previous closing.

Closing in New-York on : 23/11/2006 Cents / pound.
Month Closing Variation
december 115.55 +0.15
march 120.15 +0.05
mai 122.95 +0.05
july 125.55 +0.05
september 127.95 +0.05
december 130.75 -0.05
Closing in London on : 23/11/2006 Dollars / Tonne
Month Closing Variation
november 1428 -10
january 1434 -11
march 1446 -10
mai 1457 -9
july 1455 -10
september 1450 -13